Berlin, a major center of politics, media, science, and culture, is the capital of Germany. It is also a ship port in Northeastern Germany on the Northern European Plain. Fascinatingly, it was formed in an Ice Age glacial valley. July temperatures average around 100F or 38C in July. But winters are definitely chilly at 31F or -.5C, just below freezing.
If you are traveling on a cruise ship, the major port is Warnemunde located approximately 2 hours away. Many of the cruise lines have shuttles available.
Berlin was devastated by both world wars. From 1961, Berlin was divided in two parts, East Berlin and West Berlin, separated by the Berlin Wall until 1989, when the wall was unexpectedly opened and both Berlin and the rest of Germany reunited.
One of the most memorable spots to view the Berlin wall is at the East Side Gallery, a 1.3 km section of the Wall and a Memorial to Freedom. With its collection of 105 paintings, it forms the largest open-air gallery in the world. Charlie Check point, a well-known subject for photos, is a reminder of the former border crossing, the Cold War, and the partition of Berlin. The barrier, the checkpoint, the flag, and the sandbags are all on the original site.
There are many other unique activities and attractions in Berlin as well. A more relaxing option for your day in the city would be to check out The River Spree/Berlin Glacial Valley Walk. The walk follows the river "Spree" as it winds across the city, and offers visitors some of the landscape diversity of Berlin, including beautiful woodlands, large industrial areas with gardens, and the medieval towns of Spandau and Kopenick.
Another highlight during your visit is the Brandenburg Gate, one of Berlin's most important monuments- a landmark and symbol of its history. About one million people visit the Gate every year for its famous New Year's Eve party with music and fireworks.
Museums in Berlin are rich with history, culture, and significant artifacts. Berlin's Museum Island is home to five world-renowned museums. One of them, the Pergamon Museum, is the most popular museum in Berlin, and displays art treasures such as the Pergamon Altar and the Ishtar Gate. The Museum of Prehistory and Early History (Museum fur Vor- und Fruhgeschichte) is one of the largest international collections of archaeological and prehistoric discoveries, and is a fascinating choice to add to your trip list.
With its variety of attractions, flourishing cultural scene, beautiful landscape, and monuments, your visit to Berlin will be memorable, educational, and fascinating.